To deal with the raw materials crisis, it will be possible to cultivate land of ecological interest intended for the protection of biodiversity, with a temporary derogation, for the production of corn, wheat and sunflower.
Maria Grazia Mammuccini, President of FederBiothe association that promotes countryside Change the EarthHowever, she wonders how these lands will be cultivated, worried about the possible environmental implications to which the debate obscured by the international emergency could lead.
“Cultivating these lands by watering them with pesticides and synthetic fertilizers, which at the moment have unsustainable costs for farmers, means contaminating the soil for decades, sterilizing it from the point of view of biodiversity,” the president said. of FederBio in an interview published on Change the Earth he proposed: “Let’s entrust them to organic farming in order to preserve their natural value and at the same time increase food production”.
Maria Grazia Mammuccini also recalled that the problem of excessive costs and the lack of raw materials has wider roots: “We pay a sum of errors that derive from a bad agricultural model: the model of industrial agriculture which had entered into crisis well before the war in Ukraine. And which has created a very long list of critical problems: land consumption, the collapse of biodiversity, the increase in greenhouse gas emissions, the pollution of groundwater, the gradual closure of businesses caused by a unfair price system, land abandonment. The current crisis affects not only the quantity of production but also the rising cost of pesticides, chemical fertilizers and energy which risks strangling agricultural enterprises. It is therefore the entire model of industrial agriculture based on the forcing of the production cycle that has proven to be unsuccessful from an environmental, economic, health and social point of view”.
The debate of recent weeks threatens to jeopardize the important advances made from a regulatory point of view in the biological field. Just think of the package of European measures on food security approved by the European Parliament – from farm to fork and biodiversity – which gives an important impetus to the achievement of the objectives of the Green Deal. Objectives that risk being ignored if decisions such as the postponement of pesticide legislation come into play. A contradiction, given that the spike in the price growth of pesticides and synthetic fertilizers used for conventional agriculture risks , among other things, to lead to the bankruptcy of thousands of agricultural enterprises.
To be able to change course, we must talk about food autonomy concretely by betting on organic neighborhoods and on organic product chains according to the principle of the fair price. In this regard, Maria Grazia Mammuccini underlined that: “Organic is a cultivation method that looks at both the health of people and fields, offering farmers the possibility of obtaining prices that allow companies to move forward. It is a method that connects, with a circular approach, local food production systems and consumption systems”.
Source: FederBio press service