The EU should also become increasingly self-sufficient in food. He supports him Luigi Scordamaglia, General Manager Italian Supply Chain.
His analysis cannot fail to start from the ongoing conflict in Ucreaina and its immediate consequences.
“In terms of food, emerging countries are the most dependent on imports of cereals and basic foodstuffs from Russia and Ukraine. We are talking about countries like Eritrea which are 100% dependent on the wheat produced in the 2 countries, or Somalia whose dependency rate exceeds 90%, or even Egypt which depends for 80% on the production of these areas. he tells us. “There are 50 developing countries that are more than 30% dependent on grain imports from this area and 25 of them more than 50%. In most cases, these are countries whose governments base much of their consensus on providing food on affordable terms, a stabilizer that in this case could fail in a short time. Lebanon, for example, recently confirmed that it has a stock of cereals for up to two weeks”.
In this context, what should the EU do?
“Faced with this scenario, one would expect the European Commission to adopt a clearer position in favor of agri-food production, rather than partial and time-limited measures. The situation must be addressed immediately: we demand that the application of the new CAP be suspended immediately for at least two years and that the farm-to-fork strategy be reviewed in the light of the new scenario, the effects of which have now been defined by a series of studies – an incomprehensible serious impact assessment by the Commission itself is still lacking – are those of a collapse in European agri-food production of around 20% and a further increase in the prices of certain products up to 40%”.
You told Fieragricola that our own food sovereignty was under threat. Tell us your thoughts.
“Today, more than ever, it is clear that the farm-to-fork strategy was written by not-quite-aware people who took food for granted, who imagined a Europe of only gardens and a few wild animals. A Europe which, in fact, had already foreseen a gradual reduction in its agri-food self-sufficiency also through international agreements such as Mercosur, which penalize the agricultural sector to favor services and the automotive sector, thus delegating the task of feeding European citizens with products from third countries which have lower environmental, safety and quality standards than those required of European manufacturers. In short, the same short-sighted policy made for energy is being offered again, where after blocking any source of internal production, we now find ourselves totally dependent on those who can use our lack of self-sufficiency to condition us ”
Who are you referring to?
“I am thinking, for example, of China, which in the first half of 2022 will store more than 50% of world wheat production. Will we come to have to beg her to allow us to feed ourselves? Meanwhile, it seems that Italian farmers are not considered a model of sustainable production with low environmental impact who proudly wish to remain producers with fair and adequate remuneration for their work with fair relations in the supply chain and proud to help solve the problem of food security, they certainly don’t want to be paid for not producing, as someone in Europe still thought they were doing. Here too, we are waiting to assess the real change of pace of the European Union because we will not have a second chance and this will also serve as a lesson to those who think that the CAP can stop in the years to come. No sufficiency will be possible without a CAP that supports our production more sustainably than the rest of the world. With all due respect to the vice-presidents of the European Commission who think differently”.