Sport and physical activity: all the benefits

Among the points of a correct lifestyle and among the preventive strategies we always find moderate and constant physical activity. What are the benefits of physical activity on our body and why is it important to practice it correctly?

We talk about it with the doctor Sebastiano Giambartinoorthopedist and traumatologist from Humanitas Gavazzeni in Bergamo.

Physical activity: what are the health benefits?

Physical activity, when it is regular and controlled, improves the cardiocirculatory and respiratory capacities of the individual, and helps to lower blood cholesterol levels. It is also essential to keep blood sugar under control and constant, which decreases the risk of metabolic diseases such as diabetes. Sport is then very useful since mental and psychological point of viewas causes the brain to produce endorphins, chemicals that, when released, can reduce stress and generate a feeling of well-being. Finally, sport is above all a valid aid to maintain healthy bones, since it positively stimulates the metabolism and helps to prevent and combat certain diseases such as osteoporosis and osteopenia.

Physical activity and stress injury prevention

Development constant and regular physical activity makes the joints more fluid and resistant and confers a proper harmony in the movement: this makes exercise an ally in the prevention of joint consumption and therefore osteoarthritis. It also strengthens and tones muscle tissue, giving it to the body elasticity, agility and protectionconditions necessary for the prevention and protection of possible osteo-articular trauma (muscle distraction, tendonitis and fractures).

Can we practice sport at any age?

Doctor Giambartino replies: “Of course, as long as it is carried out with criteria, based on capacity and physical characteristics. For children and adolescents, the World Health Organization recommends 60 minutes of physical activity per day, for adults around 150 minutes per week (equivalent to at least 30 minutes of activity per day, for 5 days). For people over the age of 60, low-impact sports or sports activities are more suitable, such as cycling, swimming, yoga, brisk walking, pilates and bodyweight exercises, useful for maintaining health cartilage and joints.

Too much sports activity: the symptoms

It is important not to underestimate the signals due to muscle and joint overload who pain, inflammation, stiffness in movement, fatigue and muscle distractions (tears). When they occur, it means that the exercises are not going well and there is a high risk of the situation getting worse. The advice is to train regularly and regularly without overdoing it, making sure to diversify the activity.

Should I rest in case of trauma?

“Often trauma, whether sporting or not, can force people to become immobilized. However, the best choice is not always this: it depends on the type and the severity; however, when it is possible, a good balance between analgesics, muscle relaxants and light rest in the acute phase, must be followed by mobilization and progressive recovery exercises, which will be essential to prevent the muscle from atrophying and not being able to support the patient. during the recovery period,” concludes the expert.

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