The variables that most influence the marathon are based on a combination of 5 factors. Let’s find out what they are.
The most important marathon performance variables are based on a combination of physiological, anthropometric, nutritional, motivational and training factors. This key information for evaluating performance in long-duration running, which involves a significant psycho-physical commitment, is acquired partly in sports medicine centers and exercise physiology laboratories, and partly directly in the field.. Domenico Carlomagno, sports technician and physical trainer of the Mapei Sport Research Centertalks about it in this first of three videos in the Cubetti di Sapere series dedicated to marathons.
Marathon: physiological factors and anthropometric measurements
After the introductory video dedicated to the most important variables of marathon performance, we continue to deepen the subject with Domenico Carlomagno. “In the scientific literature the main validated physiological factors affecting long-term running performance are: maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), peak oxygen uptake velocity (vVO2max), running economy (RE) and changes in lactate levels,” explains the sports technician and trainer. Physics from Mapei Research Center Sport.
“Through functional assessment tests, it will be possible to determine his physical condition by monitoring: aerobic threshold speed (VT1; approximately 50-60% of VO2max speed or with lactate values ± 2 mmol / l ); the anaerobic threshold velocity (VT2; approximately 85% of the VO2max velocity or with Lactate values ± 4 mmol/l); and what is the peak speed at 100% VO2max or a maximum incremental test” continues the expert.
Morphological and anthropometric characteristics such as body fat percentage, circumferences, lower limb length, weight and height appear to influence long-lasting performance.. Therefore, some characteristics have an excellent relationship between energy expenditure and performance. “The BMI of an adult male elite runner is on average 18.5 kg/m2, with a body fat percentage of less than 6%, with long levers and small thigh sections. But be careful, values that are too low can be detrimental” warns the coach of the center of Varèse.
How to train for the marathon
After learning the most important marathon performance variables and delving into the physiological factors and anthropometric measurements inherent in long-distance running, we understand how to train to prepare for a marathon. “The training must be the rational application of the main rhythms proposed, both by the functional evaluation tests and by the references transmitted in the field., all in relation to the objectives set” begins Domenico Carlomagno, sports technician and physical trainer at the Mapei Sport Research Center. And more specifically: “The three factors that influence the planning of a marathon training program are volume, intensity and frequency, prioritizing the stimulation of the aerobic mechanism and gradually and gradually increasing the load work in relation to individual adaptations. From then on, the quantification of the training load and the quality of recovery will result in significant aspects, in anticipation of performance”.
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