Train, but don’t overdo it! Don’t Underestimate the Side Effects of Too Much Activity Without Adequate Rest

Recent research has analyzed overtraining and its effects on the heart rate and even the mood of athletes, with the aim of preventing problems associated with overtraining and emphasizing the importance of good rest.

To develop fitness, athletes stress the body during training and subsequently, through recovery, the body adapts and is able to withstand greater stress in the next training.

Check the right amount of stress and recovery is therefore essential to improve performance, as well as to prevent injuries and problems associated with overtraining.

Researchers from the Sports Psychology Laboratory and the UAB Sports Research Institute studied the effects oftraining intensity a on cyclists in terms of mood and their ability to adapt to higher training loads, assessed using heart rate variability (HRV).

(Also read: Too much sport hurts: you should not exceed 7h30 of training per week)

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The research, published in the journal PeerJwas conducted through a six-week analysis of the responses five recreational cyclists gave to the physical stress they experienced while training.

Once completed, the cyclists also answered questionnaires on their perception of physical exertion. They measured theirs heartbeat and recorded their mood.

Researchers argue that a change in mood and/or heart rate in athletes the day after training could serve as an indicator of training intensity, signaling whether it was adequate or too intense for the workout. physical condition of the athlete.

The study found that the more intense the workout, the worse the mood the next day and the lower the heart rate.

The aim of the research was to explore the relationship between three aspects: training, heart rate variability and mood.

With this study, the researchers wanted to understand when an athlete needs to rest because his system is saturated, and when he can train, with more or less intensity, because his body is ready to assimilate the load. training.

The results obtained constitute a first step in the development of a monitoring system that takes into account both internal and external training loads, as well as mood and heart rate variability.

The goal is to help athletes adapt to their training, e prevent injury which can result from overtraining.

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Source: PeerJ

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